Scrap metal is a separate category of waste that consists of waste metal products. Disposal of scrap metal involves the process of its secondary processing, as a result of which it becomes possible to further use it. What does scrap metal consist of? Scrap metal has an extensive classification. Most often it is divided into three types:
Precious metals. This category includes silver, gold and platinum impurities, which can be found almost everywhere. Precious metals have found application not only in jewelry, but also in various industries, for example, in electronics. Silver is widely used in the manufacture of rechargeable batteries for mobile devices.
Black scrap. These are all kinds of steel and cast iron products that have served their age. These include nails, bolts, nuts, steel shavings, rails, steel wire and various cast iron waste.
Colored scrap. An extensive group of scrap metal. This can be aluminum (cutlery, cable scrap, radiators), copper (pipes, gas burners, various alloys), lead (weights, alloys, batteries), magnesium (parts of aircraft, car appliances), etc.
For processing, not only the type of recyclable material is important, but also its size. The features of further processing of scrap using specific equipment depend on this parameter. Waste form is divided into the following categories:
whole pieces, etc.
How is scrap metal recycled?
Entering the workshop, scrap metal goes through several stages of disposal:
Sort. This process begins already at the stage of acceptance of raw materials, when ferrous metal is separated from non-ferrous. Further, precious metals are extracted from microcircuits, processors, radio components.
Cutting. The size of the waste is reduced, which is necessary for subsequent processing on a specific type of equipment.
Recycling. Those items that are not recyclable undergo a decontamination procedure, after which they are processed in accordance with the standards. If the background radiation is large, then the metal garbage is sent to underground storage.
Recycling of scrap metal is carried out depending on the type of raw material. The following options are distinguished:.
Thermal grinding. Assumes temperature exposure followed by crushing. The procedure is applied to non-ferrous metals and some steel alloys.
Copier crushing. During processing, a special press is used.
Explosive crushing. It involves the use of a sealed pit in which scrap metal undergoes explosion, being crushed under the influence of a strong shock wave.
After the raw material goes through the grinding procedure, it is sent for further remelting. Further, new parts and objects are made from it, which can be used in production and in everyday life.
Types of scrap metal that can not be recycled
Recycling is not subject to those types of scrap metal that do not pass the appropriate radiation control. We are talking about the following types of waste:
medical equipment for oncology departments;
spare parts for ships that operate on nuclear energy;
details of the equipment of nuclear power plants;
scrap in an environment with increased radiation background.
In the event that the metal parts have a low radiation background, then their secondary processing is possible after the decontamination procedure is carried out. Otherwise, parts are buried at specially designed landfills.
What will happen if not disposed of?
Disposal of scrap metal is a must, as such garbage does not decompose naturally. If such waste is thrown into a landfill, they can cause significant harm to the environment. The disposal of metal scrap is monitored by regulatory organizations. In case of violation, the persons in charge of the enterprise are fined.
What do UtilVtorProm representatives offer?
Employees of UtilVtorProm provide professional services for the disposal of scrap metal. Turning to us, you can be sure that the processing process will be carried out in accordance with all legal and environmental standards. After the completion of work, you will be provided with reporting documentation.
Advantages of contacting UtilVtorProm
Work on the disposal of scrap metal is carried out as soon as possible in compliance with all environmental and legislative standards. We conclude a scrap metal recycling agreement with enterprises of all forms of ownership. For budget organizations, a deferred payment for the disposal of scrap metal is provided. Scrap metal is disposed of in the cities: Kiev, Vinnitsa, Dnipro, Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Ivano-Frankivsk, Zaporozhye, Kramatorsk, Kryvyi Rih, Kropyvnytskyi, Kremenchug, Lviv, Lutsk, Lugansk, Mariupol, Odessa, Nikolaev, Poltava, Uzhgorod, Rivne, Sumy , Ternopil, Kharkov, Kherson, Khmelnitsky, Chernihiv, Chernivtsi, Cherkasy, as well as regions and district / administrative centers of Ukraine. The cost of recycling scrap metal directly depends on its location / storage (the manager calculates the cost of transportation) and quantity (the larger the total quantity, the cheaper the cost). After the provision of services for the disposal of scrap metal, the customer is issued the following documents: an act of acceptance and transfer of waste with the date and amount of scrap metal transferred for recycling, an accounting act of the work performed / rendered services for the disposal of scrap metal, which also includes the relevant permits of our company: licenses, certificates , certificates, for enterprises of VAT payers in electronic form a tax invoice is registered. Order scrap service, construction waste, glass, wood, textile and other waste, you can ask all your questions by phone. You can also leave a request on the site, write an e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
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