Disposal and recycling of waste in Ukraine
Salt recycling prevents the formation of harmful fumes, saves flora, fauna and human health.
Salt is a crystalline precipitate, which is formed as a result of the chemical reaction of acids and alkalis with the release of water. Traditionally, medium, acidic, basic and complex salts are isolated, depending on the specific molecular structure and production methods.
Table salt for a long time is widely used by man. It is widely used in the food industry and cooking. Salt plays the role of an important nutritional supplement and flavor enhancer.
Salt waste in industry
In addition to the food industry, waste of various salts are formed in a number of other cases. For example, as a result of electroplating, when acids are used to apply a protective metal layer. This technology is widely used in the manufacture of galvanized or chrome products. In the production process, precipitate is formed in the form of acid residues and metal particles.
Another source of salt formation is industrial and laboratory. wastewaterand slime treatment facilities. Sludge is a sediment of sludge or dust that contains hazardous substances (remains after filtration).
Salts are also a by-product of mining, such as polymetallic ores, oil and natural gas.
Salts are a serious hazard. These substances are characterized by high chemical activity. Once in open space, they react with the air. Vapor fumes are dangerous to humans. They can trigger the development of chronic diseases of the respiratory system. Salt remains cannot be stored in ordinary landfills, since they belong to classes II – IV of hazardous waste.
There are two ways to dispose of salts:
Neutralization involves the precipitation of salts and their purification. The dumping of the dry residue is carried out on specially designated maps of municipal solid waste landfills. This takes into account the relevant norms of the waste classifier. The filtrate obtained in the neutralization process is sent for further purification.
Recycling of salts is considered more profitable because it allows the use of waste as a mineral fertilizer or a building material. In addition, this method is preferable from the point of view of rational nature management, because the waste is not disposed of at landfills, and benefit the person without harm to the environment. In this way, sulfur concrete is obtained when modified sulfur is used to encapsulate salts to form the corresponding granules.
Work on the disposal of salt is carried out as soon as possible in compliance with all environmental and legal regulations. We conclude an agreement on salt utilization with enterprises of all forms of ownership. For budgetary organizations there is a deferment of payment for the disposal of salt.
Salt disposal is carried out in the cities: Kiev, Vinnitsa, Dnipro, Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Ivano-Frankivsk, Zaporizhia, Kramatorsk, Krivoy Rog, Kropyvnytskyi, Kremenchug, Lviv, Lutsk, Lugansk, Mariupol, Odessa, Nikolaev, Poltava, Uzhgorod, Rovno, Sumy , Ternopil, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnitsky, Chernihiv, Chernivtsi, Cherkasy, as well as regions and regional / administrative centers of Ukraine.
The cost of salt disposal directly depends on its location / storage (the transportation costs are calculated by the manager) and quantity (the larger the total quantity, the cheaper the cost).
After providing services for the disposal of salt to the customer, the following documents are issued: an act of transfer and acceptance of waste with the date and amount of salt transferred for disposal, an accounting act of work performed / services rendered for the disposal of salt, to which the relevant permits of our company are also attached: licenses, certificates , certificates, for enterprises of VAT payers in electronic form is registered tax invoice.
Take a look at these pages: Recycling soda, Disposal of food, Disposal of fat, Disposal of oil products, Cleaning of tanks, reservoirs and sedimentation tanks
Rating (4/5 Review: 5 )